The main purpose of work safety is to anticipate, identify, analyze and control hazards in order to protect people from harm, property, environmental and reputation damage.
The term "hazard" must be properly explained and understood so that efforts to manage its effects and consequences will produce the desired results. Workplace hazard management goes beyond just knowing the hazards, it includes classifying, assessing and controlling hazards.
Lack of clarity in hazard management terminology and methodology often creates confusion for both employees and management.
Hazards cover all aspects of technology and activities that pose a risk. Hazards include the characterization of objects (equipment, dust) and the actions of people.
"A hazard can be anything – be it work materials, equipment, work methods or practices – that can cause damage."
When creating a hazard management program, companies can do this directly through this three-step approach:
· Hazard identification
· Hazard analysis
· Hazard control
A literature review revealed a lack of consensus and consistency in categorizing these measures. Some describe the entire process as "hazard assessment", others as "hazard and risk assessment" or "hazard identification, assessment and control".
Regardless of the name chosen, the results should remain the same – a description of all hazards in the workplace, their sources, as well as ratings / ratings and recommended control measures.